The insurance company Cosmos Direkt has analyzed 18 German cities for concepts for e-mobility, public transport, alternative means of transport and general mobility of the city. Hanover takes first place, ahead of Stuttgart and Essen. Bremen came last in the table, where the study was promptly criticized.
Hannover scored a high of 10 in the alternative transportation and oPNV scores, scoring less in the car-related areas – unlike Berlin and Essen. For the public transport ranking, Cosmos Direkt took into account, among other things, the coarseness of the route network, the share of daily passengers in the population, the fares, and the share of alternative drives within the bus fleets. Alternative means of transportation included factors such as the amount of stand-up scooters and car sharing cars per 1000 inhabitants and the number of bicycle rentals per square kilometer.
For general mobility, the insurance company had calculated the density of cars and the area occupied by road traffic within the city. Cities with a lower proportion of traffic area in relation to the total area, so that there is sufficient space for other forms of mobility, were rated more highly. Essen received 10 points for e-mobility, with around one public charging point for every two registered e-cars. The number of e-cars and hybrids per 1000 inhabitants was also included in the e-ranking.
For its " Mobility Check 2021 " (PDF), Cosmos Direkt reported that it drew on data from the German Federal Motor Transport Authority (Kraftfahrtbundesamt), the German Insurance Association (Gesamtverband der Deutschen Versicherungswirtschaft e.V., local transport companies and municipalities, service providers, manufacturers and Generali’s pile-up atlas.
As all around questionable Maike Schaefer, traffic senator of the tail light Bremen calls the study. According to the daily newspaper Weser-Kurier she noted that in the study a high car density was seen as positive.
The Bremer Strabenbahn AG (BSAG) criticizes the data used. For example, a day ticket of price level I currently costs 8 euros, but 8.30 euros was used for the survey. Moreover, tourists were more likely to buy such tickets, while locals tended to use one-way tickets or monthly passes. In fact, however, the BSAG is doing poorly in terms of electric buses, because it does not yet use them.
However, the Senator of Transportation objects here that it makes no sense to include only the share of e-buses, but not the entire electric mobility such as the electrically powered trams. A comparison of cities makes only limited sense anyway, because Hanover, in contrast to Bremen, is more compact, and the public transport system there reaches more people in a coarser area.
BUND Bremen notes that the number of alternative means of transport does not reflect their actual use. In addition, people in Bremen travel by bicycle more often than average, and this was not taken into account by Cosmos Direkt.